Benign prostatic hypertrophy refers to benign adenoma-like hyperplasia of the prostate around the urethra, leading to varying degrees of bladder outflow tract obstruction. The main difficulty in determining the prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia is the lack of a common definition, according to autopsy, histologically diagnosed as benign prostatic hyperplasia prevalence in men aged 31 to 40 years 8%, 51 to 60 years old male To 40% to 50%, age> 80 years old male incidence rate of more than 80%. According to clinical criteria, that is, prostate volume> 30ml and the international prostate symptom score is high, 55 ~ 74 years old without prostate cancer in men benign prostatic hyperplasia prevalence rate of 19%, and if the prostate volume> 30ml, the highest score, the largest Urine flow rate of 50ml as a standard, the incidence rate of only 4%.
Due to bladder emptying is not complete and rapid refilling caused by progressive urinary frequency, urgency and nocturia. Urine flow and strength become smaller, there urination hesitate and intermittent. And then there may be a sense of imperfect emptying, urinary leaching, almost persistent hypersonic urinary incontinence or complete urinary retention. Trying to urinate can cause the superficial venous congestion of the prostate urethra and bladder triangle, blood vessels rupture hematuria. Long-term urination, inactivity, cold, the use of anesthetics, anticholinergic drugs and sympathomimetic drugs or alcohol, can accelerate the occurrence of acute complete urinary retention. Symptoms can be quantified by the American Urological Association Symptom score for seven questions.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms: 1. Urinary frequency is often the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia patients. 2. Dysuria dysuria is the most important symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia, development is often very slow. 3. Urinary retention, obstruction increased to a certain extent, urination can not row all the urine inside the bladder, there bladder residual urine. 4. Other symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia with infection can also have urinary frequency, urgency, dysuria cystitis phenomenon. When benign prostatic hyperplasia accompanied by bladder outflow tract obstruction caused by urinary tract infection or azotemia, the initial should be used in medical treatment, directly for the stability of renal function, disable the anti-cholinergic drugs and sympathomimetic drugs and the elimination of infection The Late bladder outflow tract obstruction should use urethral or suprapubic catheter drainage. Chronic obstruction of the bladder should be slowly decompression, in order to avoid obstruction after diuretic.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia does not smoke alcoholism: prostate hyperplasia, fear of alcohol stimulation, otherwise it is easy to lead to autonomic disorders, causing urinary retention, smoking more of the same. Do not eat irritating food: due to irritation, such as spicy food will stimulate the prostate swelling increased, leading to increased or increased prostate hyperplasia. To maintain a good attitude: because after the angry can occur in varying degrees of urination inconvenience. So benign prostatichyperplasia for the daily life must maintain a good attitude, do not angry.
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